Designing Virtual Organizations for Citizen Science
Designing Virtual Organizations for Citizen Science A. Wiggins & K. Crowston IFIP 8.2 OASIS workshop 15 December, 2009 Motivation Problem: The Tyranny of Scale in scientific research
Geographic scale Temporal scale Data scale Solution: Redesigning scientific work eScience: leverages ICTs to overcome challenges Citizen Science: harnesses public interest to enable and extend research Context
Citizen Science Scientific research that includes nonscientists as active contributors Often has educational or civic goals in addition to scientific goals Diverse range of intellectual domains, wide variety of modes of participation Usually a type of virtual organization Conceptual Framework
Multi-level: distinct but interrelated individual and organizational factors IMOI model: outputs become inputs Contextually aware Scientific processes and goals Explicitly assuming involvement of professional scientists in project design and development Participant processes and goals
Initial Model Inputs Individual Demographics Skills Motivations Organizational Task design
Organizational design Technology design Moderators Processes Individual: Joining, contributing Organizational: Scientific research, volunteer management, data management Emergent States
Knowledge Communication Innovation Issues Heterogeneity and scope From stardust to bumblebees From a handful to a horde Participation is like
Crowdsourcing Layered individual work Small group interactions Networks of practice
Social movements Future Work Develop typology of citizen science projects, guided by this framework Validate and revise iteratively In-depth case studies Examine experience design of contributors participation to optimize for:
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