Figurative Language

Figurative Language

Figurative Language/ Literary Devices Figuring it Out Figurative and Literal Language Literally: words function exactly as defined The car is blue.

He caught the football. Figuratively: figure out what it means Ive got your back. Youre a doll. ^Figures of Speech Simile

Comparison of two things using like or as. Examples The metal twisted like a ribbon. She is as sweet as candy. Important! Using like or as doesnt make a simile.

A comparison must be made. Not a Simile: I like pizza. Simile: The moon is like a pizza. Metaphor Two things are compared without using like or as.

Examples All the world is a stage. Men are dogs. Her heart is stone. Personification Giving human traits to objects or ideas.

Examples The sunlight danced. Water on the lake shivers. The streets are calling me. Oxymoron When two words are put together that

contradict each other. Opposites Jumbo Shrimp Pretty Ugly Freezer Burn Euphemism A mild or indirect word or expression

substituted for one that is considered to be too harsh, blunt, embarrassing, or unpleasant. For example: Dead --- passed away, passed, deceased, expired, resting in peace Fired -- Poor -- Fat ---

http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=yR4TAfJWRQ8 Onomatopoeia

A word that makes a sound SPLAT

PING SLAM POP POW Alliteration- the repetition of initial

identical consonant sounds. Example: There lies a leafy island. In this line, the l sound is alliterated. Notice alliteration is a sound device so you should be able to hear it.

Assonance A repeating vowel sound. For example: "I feel the need, the need for speed." (e)- Tom Cruise and Anthony Edwards, "Top Gun"

"Every time I write a rhyme, these people think it's a crime" (i)-

Eminem, "Criminal" "It beats . . . as it sweeps . . . as it cleans!" (e)- "Hoover vacuum cleaners", 1950s advertisement

"As I was going to St. Ives, I met a man with seven wives..." Nursery rhyme, "As I was going to St Ive" (i)-

Imagery Creating a picture in the readers mind using words Pun A form of word play in which words have a double meaning.

I wondered why the baseball was getting bigger and then it hit me. Im reading a book about antigravity. Its impossible to put it down. I was going to look for my missing watch, but I didnt have the time.

Hyperbole Exaggerating to show strong feeling or effect. Examples I will love you forever. My house is a million miles away. Shed kill me.

AllusionAn allusion is a reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, or work of art. Writers make allusions to famous works such as the Bible and Shakespeare's plays. Example: "Christy didn't like to spend money. She was no

Scrooge, but she seldom purchased anything except the bare necessities". Foreshadowing Reference to something that will happen later in the story.

Irony The opposite of what you expect to happen, happens. Example: a 90-year-old woman tweeting Non-example: rain on your wedding day Idiom

Not to be confused with idiot. https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=6l64EpGmwyc A phrase that doesnt mean what it literally says Examples: pushing up daisies, full of hot air, in a pickle, sweating bullets

Quiz 1. I will put an example of figurative language on the board. 2. You will write whether it is an simile, metaphor, personification, hyperbole, pun, onomatopoeia, or oxymoron.

3. You can use your notes. 1 He drew a line as straight as an arrow. 2 Knowledge is a kingdom and all who learn

are kings and queens. 3 The sun was beating down on me. 4 A flag wags like a fishhook there in the sky.

5 I'd rather take baths with a man-eating shark, or wrestle a lion alone in the dark, eat spinach and liver,

pet ten porcupines, than tackle the homework, my teacher assigns. 6 Ravenous and savage from its long

polar journey, the North Wind is searching for food 7. The clouds smiled down at me.

8. SPLAT! 9. She is as sweet as candy

10. I could sleep forever! 11. He drove his expensive car into a tree and found out how the Mercedes bends

12. I used to have a fear of hurdles, but I got over it 13. The wheat field was a sea of gold.

14. The streets called to him. 15. POP! 16.

Old news 17. Your face is killing me! 18. She was as white as a ghost.

https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=U_pxfifB6Co

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